Unit 4Looking good,feeling good
Section A Welcome to the unit & Reading
1.Ocean colour varies from green to blue,depending on the type and (concentrate) of phytoplankton.
2.They are (extreme) important in the safe and (effect) running of our programmes.
3.He felt (concern) about his illness.
4.In practice,most planes either are delayed or arrive (slight) ahead of schedule.
5.The meeting proved (be) a turning point in her life.
6.The young man is handsome and (energy).
7.Don’t be (frighten) by sharks:you are 30 times more likely to be hit by lightning than be attacked by a shark.
8.Yes,many cyclists behave (dangerous).
9.His eyeballs were a(n) (healthy) yellow.
10.He placed the brochure on his desk,as a (remind).
We have,however, a rather long .
答案way to go
Only can be farmed.
答案one third of the land
I shall become a doctor because my father is one.
答案There is no reason why
Do you like rap music?I the words.
答案have trouble understanding
Do you know how children in other countries spend their schooldays and what kind of games they always play?
Children in Brazil
The school year runs from February to December.Children attend (上学) school for about four hours in the morning or the afternoon.About a quarter of children in Brazil do not attend school at all.
Football is the most popular sport.Brazil’s beautiful beaches also make swimming and volleyball popular.
Brazilian families are often large.Nearly a third of the population is under eighteen!
Children in France
The school day begins from 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.,with a two-hour lunch break.Schools close on Wednesday and Sunday,and are closed for a half day on Saturday.
Football,bicycling and tennis are favourite sports in France.In some areas,pelota,a traditional ball game,is also very popular.
Most French mothers work.The majority of preschool (幼儿园) children attend day care centres known as crèches.
France has laws about naming children and all names have to be chosen from an official list.
Children in Japan
Schools in Japan are very competitive (竞争的).Even preschoolers may attend “cramming (填鸭式教学的) schools” to prepare for exams.There is a summer break about six weeks,but the children have homework during this time.
Comic books have been popular in Japan since the 1700s.Comics now account for about 40% of all published materials in Japan.Kite flying is enjoyed by people of every age.
Homes in Japan are small on average.The typical family of four lives in five small rooms.Most fathers in Japan work long hours.As a result,some children only see their fathers on weekends or holidays.
1.What kind of sport is very popular in France?
①Kite flying.② Bicycling.③ Football.④ Pelota.
解析细节理解题。根据Children in France部分中的“Football,bicycling and tennis are favourite sports in France.In some areas,pelota,a traditional ball game,is also very popular.”可知,足球、自行车、网球和回力球在法国很受欢迎。故选A项。
2.What is a crèche in France?
A.Places with beautiful beaches.
B.The name of the place where French mothers work.
C.A day care centre for preschool children.
D.Cramming schools to improve children’s exam results.
解析词义猜测题。根据Children in France部分中的“Most French mothers work.The majority of preschool children attend day care centres known as crèches.”可知,crèche是学龄前儿童参加的日托中心的另一种称呼。故选C项。
3.In Japan,many children .
A.like to read comic books
B.write their names on an official list
C.only see their fathers on weekdays
D.do not attend school
解析推理判断题。根据Children in Japan部分中的“Comic books have been popular in Japan since the 1700s.Comics now account for about 40% of all published materials in Japan.”可知,漫画在日本的影响面很大。由此可推知,在日本,许多孩子应该也是喜欢看漫画书的。故选A项。
Physical education,or PE,isn’t required for all high school students.In some schools,it isn’t offered for some different reasons.But should high school students have physical education?The answer is certainly “yes”.
Today many people don’t do sports.But as is known to all,doing sports is very important for an adult.Teaching teens the importance of a healthy lifestyle and making fitness plans now can help teens put exercise in the first place as an adult.
High school isn’t that easy.Many students are under a lot of stress.Stress can be harmful to a student’s studies and life.Doing sports can help them deal with stress better,helping them live a happier life at school.
The American Heart Association says that 10 million kids and teens suffer from obesity (肥胖症).Teens should get 60 minutes of physical activity per day to control their weight and to help their bones get stronger.The increase in activities that don’t get teens to move around,such as video games and computer activities,means many teens don’t get their required exercise.PE classes act as a public health measure to encourage physical activities and help teens have healthy weights.
Not doing sports increases teens’ risk of developing many diseases.An active lifestyle offers a good way of protection from these health problems.As much as 75 percent of health-care spending goes toward treating medical conditions that can be hindered by lifestyle changes,according to the American College of Sports Medicine.
According to the President’s Council on Fitness,Sports and Nutrition (PCFSN),students who performed five hours of physical activity each week improved their academic (学业的) performance.Students from programs with no physical activity,who used the extra time for classroom study,did not perform better on tests than those who gave up some study time in support of physical education.
4.According to Paragraph 2,what does physical education in high school mean?
A.Making teens attach importance to exercise later.
B.Removing the stress faced by teens at school.
C.Getting teens to encourage adults to exercise.
D.Helping teens learn to make good plans.
解析细节理解题。根据第二段中的“Teaching teens the importance of a healthy lifestyle and making fitness plans now can help teens put exercise in the first place as an adult.”可知,高中体育教育意味着让青少年重视以后的锻炼。故选A项。
5.What does the underlined word “hindered” in Paragraph 5 mean?
解析词义猜测题。根据上文的“Not doing sports increases teens’ risk of developing many diseases.An active lifestyle offers a good way of protection from these health problems.”可知,“As much as 75 percent of health-care spending goes toward treating medical conditions that can be hindered by lifestyle changes”的意思是多达75%的医疗支出用于治疗可能因生活方式改变而受阻的疾病。hindered的意思是“受阻”,故选B项。
6.According to the PCFSN,doing sports .
A.means making students choose between sports and studies
B.helps students make good use of all their time
C.means students adjust to their studies better
D.helps students do better in their studies
解析推理判断题。根据最后一段中的“Students from programs with no physical activity,who used the extra time for classroom study,did not perform better on tests than those who gave up some study time in support of physical education.”推断出,根据PCFSN,做运动帮助学生在学习上做得更好。故选D项。
7.What is the text mainly about?
A.Why high school students should receive physical education.
B.Why some schools consider physical education important.
C.How schools can help students love doing sports.
D.How high school students can live a better life.
解析主旨大意题。第一段中的“But should high school students have physical education?The answer is certainly ‘yes’.”是全文的主题句,结合全文内容,可知这篇文章主要讲了为什么高中生应该接受体育教育。故选A项。
Not all people like to work but everyone likes to play.All over the world men and women and boys and girls enjoy sports.
1 They help to keep people healthy and feeling good.When they are playing games,people move a lot.This is good for their health.Having fun with their friends makes them happy.
2 In small towns,crowds meet to watch the bicycle races or the soccer games.In the big cities,thousands of people buy tickets to see an ice-skating show or a baseball game.
3 What are your favourite sports now?You probably play the games that people in your town or city play. 4 Then swimming is probably one of your sports.Boys and girls in Australia love to swim.There are wonderful beaches there and the weather is good for swimming. 5 Then you would like to ski.There are many skiers in Austria where there are big mountains and cold winters.Does it rain often where you live?Then kite flying would not be one of your sports.It is one of the favorite sports of Thailand.
A.How many sports do you like?
B.What’s the weather like?
C.Is the climate hot where you live?
D.Or do you live in a cold climate?
E.Many people enjoy sports by watching others play.
F.What games have you played?
G.Sports help people to live happily.
1.G 根据下文的“They help to keep people healthy and feeling good.”以及“Having fun with their friends makes them happy.”可知,这段主要讲述了运动让人们快乐,故选择G项。
2.E 根据下文的“In small towns,crowds meet to watch the bicycle races or the soccer games.In the big cities,thousands of people buy tickets to see an ice-skating show or a baseball game.”可知,此段主要讲述了人们看比赛,看别人运动,故选E项。
3.F 根据下文的“What are your favourite sports now?You probably play the games that people in your town or city play.”可知,此处主要讲述的是人们所从事的运动,故选择F项。
4.C 根据下文的“Then swimming is probably one of your sports.”可知,此处讲述的是气候温暖的情况下,可以选择游泳。故选C项。
5.D 根据下文的“Then you would like to ski.”可知,这是在气温比较冷的情况下所选择的运动,故选D项,也正好和上一题的选项C构成搭配。